We are being watched. As we go about our daily business, closed-circuit televison cameras observe and record our every move. There are over six million CCTV cameras keeping an eye on the public in the UK alone, and public surveillance is at a similar level in all developed countries. In some cities we can expect to be seen by security cameras around three hundred times during a single day.
It is approached from a socio-ethical perspective with specific emphasis on the implication for the information profession. The issues discussed are the concept privacy, he influence of technology on the processing of personal and private information, the relevance of this influence for the information profession, and proposed solutions to these ethical issues for the information profession.
This is due to the development and use of technology. This paradigm shift brings new ethical and juridical problems which are mainly related to issues such as the right of access to information, the right of privacy which is threatened by the emphasis on the free flow of information, and the protection of the economic interest of the owners of intellectual property.
In this paper the ethical questions related to the right to privacy of the individual which is threatened by the use of technology will be discussed. Specific attention will be given to the challenges these ethical problems pose to the information professional.
A number of practical guidelines, based on ethical norms will be laid down.
ETHICS The ethical actions of a person can be described in Being watched ethical issues on privacy terms as those actions which are performed within the criterium of what is regarded as good.
It relates thus to the question of what is good or bad in terms of human actions. According to Spinellop. Definition of Privacy Privacy can be defined as an individual condition of life characterized by exclusion from publicity Neetling et al.
The concept follows from the right to be left alone Stair,p. As such privacy could be regarded as a natural right which provides the foundation for the legal right. The right to privacy is therefore protected under private law. The legal right to privacy is constitutionally protected in most democratic societies.
This constitutional right is expressed in a variety of legislative forms. During Australia also accepted a Privacy Charter containing 18 privacy principles which describe the right of a citizen concerning personal privacy as effected by handling of information by the state Collier,p.
Privacy is an important right because it is a necessary condition for other rights such as freedom and personal autonomy. There is thus a relationship between privacy, freedom and human dignity. In other words, it is not an absolute duty that does not allow for exceptions.
Two examples can be given. A government also has the right to gather private and personal information from its citizens with the aim of ensuring order and harmony in society Ware, The right to privacy as an expression of individual freedom is thus confined by social responsibility.
Different Categories of Private Information Based on the juridical definition of privacy, two important aspects which are of specific relevance for the information profession must be emphasized.
The first is the fact that privacy as a concept is closely related to information - in terms of the definition of Neethlingp. Each of these categories will be briefly dealt with.
This category of privacy concerns all forms of personal communication which a person wishes to keep private.
The information exchanged during a reference interview between the user and the information professional can be seen as an example. This normally refers to medical information and enjoys separate legal protection Neethling,p.
According to this legislation a person has the right to be informed about the nature of an illness as well as the implications thereof. Such a person further has the right to privacy about the nature of the illness and can not be forced to make it known to others.
The only exception is when the health, and possibly the lives of others may be endangered by the specific illness - such as the case may be where a person is HIV positive and the chance exists that other people may contract the virus.
Personal information refers to those categories of information which refer to only that specific person, for example bibliographic name, address and financial information.Ethical issues for IT security professionals Should users be informed that they're being watched in this way?
In looking at the list of privacy issues above, it's easy to justify each of.
Mar 08, · Social media research raises privacy and ethics issues. Every time you search online for the best restaurant deal, share good news or bad with your Facebook friends or tweet to your followers. The issues discussed are the concept privacy, he influence of technology on the processing of personal and private information, the relevance of this influence for the information profession, and proposed solutions to .
It is important to note that the main applications of biometrics are utilized for preventing fraud and ensuring security. The use of biometrics has increased tremendously but so has social, ethical, privacy, practical and even political issues associated with it (Duquenoy, Jones & Blundell, ).
Ethical Dilemmas for Nurses on End of Life Issues Words | 23 Pages. ETHICAL DILEMMAS FACING NURSES ON END-OF-LIFE ISSUES BASED ON CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS HELD IN ELDORET, KENYA Author: Kamau S.
Macharia: BScN (Moi), MSc (studying) Nursing Leadership & Health Care Systems Management (University of Colorado, Denver), Higher Dip. Irina Raicu is the Director of Internet Ethics at the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics.
The issues discussed are the concept privacy, he influence of technology on the processing of personal and private information, the relevance of this influence for the information profession, and proposed solutions to these ethical issues for the information profession. Physicians, attorneys and other professionals whose job duties affect others' lives usually receive, as part of their formal training, courses that . Liberty & Equality Surveillance Ethics Seán Moran is watching the watchers.. We are being watched. As we go about our daily business, closed-circuit televison cameras observe and record our every move.
Views are her own. "When it comes to privacy and accountability, people always demand the former for themselves and the latter for everyone else.".