This marked the beginning of the Crusades. Those who joined the armed pilgrimage wore a cross as a symbol of the Church. The Crusades set the stage for several religious knightly military orders, including the Knights Templarthe Teutonic Knights, and the Hospitallers.
It is hard to summarize the impact of a movement that spanned centuries and continents, crossed social lines, and affected all levels of culture. However, there are a few central effects that can be highlighted. Military orders First, the earliest military orders originated in Jerusalem in the wake of the First Crusade.
Well-known examples include the Knights Templar officially endorsed inthe Knights Hospitaller confirmed by papal bull inand the Teutonic Knights originated in the late twelfth century.
The Arabic inscription commemorates the wall built as defense against crusaders. The arms of the Englishman Sir Hugh Wake were later carved over that, confirming the crusader reconquest of the city.
Wall plaque, Ascalon, mid-twelfth to mid-thirteenth century. The arms of Sir Hugh Wake Lincoln, England were later carved over that, confirming the crusader reconquest of the city. Territorial expansion Second, crusading played a major role in European territorial expansion. Crusading in northern and eastern Europe led to the expansion of kingdoms like Denmark and Sweden, as well as the creation of brand-new political units, for example in Prussia.
As areas around the Baltic Sea were taken by the crusaders, traders and settlers—mostly German—moved in and profited economically. In the Mediterranean Sea, crusading led to the conquest and colonization of many islands, which arguably helped ensure Christian control of Mediterranean trade routes at least for as long as the islands were held.
Crusading also played a role in the conquest of the Iberian peninsula now Spain and Portugal. This was finally completed inwhen the Spanish monarchs Ferdinand II and Isabella I conquered the last Muslim community on the peninsula—the city of Granada.
They expelled Jews from the country in the same year. And of course, they also authorized and supported the expeditions of Christopher Columbus, who—like many European explorers of his day—believed that the expansion of the Christian faith was one of his duties.
Impact in Europe religious and secular Third, the crusading movement impacted internal European development in a few important ways.
The movement helped both to militarize the medieval western Church and to sustain criticism of that militarization. And it both reflected and influenced devotional trends.
For example, while there was some dedication to St. George from the early Middle Ages, the intensity of that devotion soared in Europe after he reportedly intervened miraculously at the Battle of Antioch induring the First Crusade.
Secular political theories were influenced by crusading, especially in France and the Iberian peninsula, and government institutions evolved in part to meet the logistical needs of crusading.
Credit infrastructures within Europe rose to meet similar needs, and some locales—Venice, in particular—benefitted significantly in economic terms. It goes without saying that the crusades also had a highly negative effect on interfaith relations. Impact world-wide Fourth, the crusading movement has left an imprint on the world as a whole.
For example, many of the national flags of Europe incorporate a cross. Others more wholeheartedly romanticized crusading. Sometimes this influence was quite direct. After the Ottomans, some Arab Nationalists interpreted nineteenth-century imperialism as crusading, and thus linked their efforts to end imperial rule with the efforts of Muslims to resist crusading in previous centuries.
Sadly, the effects of the crusading movement—at least, as it is now remembered and reimagined—seem to be still unfolding. Susanna Throop The Crusades.The crusades, a series of European holy wars waged from the 11th to the 13th century, had an enormous impact on the European economy.
The long term effects of the crusades included the establishment of lending institutions across the continent, standardized methods of taxation and an increase in. Crusades, military expeditions, beginning in the late 11th century, that were organized by western European Christians in response to centuries of Muslim wars of expansion.
Effects of the Crusades on Feudalism The crusades could not fail to affect in many ways the life of western Europe. For instance, they helped to undermine feudalism. Hundreds of Arabic words were introduced into European languages, the old Roman custom of shaving one's beard was returned, public baths and latrines were introduced, European medicine improved, and there was even influence on literature and poetry.
Europeans were also introduced to many new trade goods while on crusade, including silk, cotton, different spices, and new forms of art and literature.
The impact on Europe was tremendous. It increased the desire for trade with other parts of the world. This lead . The crusades, a series of European holy wars waged from the 11th to the 13th century, had an enormous impact on the European economy.
The long term effects of the crusades included the establishment of lending institutions across the continent, standardized methods of taxation and an increase in European trade.